Spring steel washers come in a variety of sizes and designs to help serve various purposes. They form a part of different appliances and machineries across industries. Your small business may benefit from the correct use of various kinds of steel washers.
As you read further, you will learn about different types of spring steel washers and their uses. So, let’s get started!
Also known as disc springs, spring washers have broadly been grouped into six different types. Let us take a brief look at each of these types:
These washers have rounded sides and are known to bear heavy load. They have ground curves that help in creating a flat load-bearing surface. You will see a slight overall deflection when it comes to these washers.
They are usually used as spacers or cushions between two surfaces. There are multiple waves within these washers that support these surfaces and aid in their smooth functioning.
They rotate in two directions giving way to a wave-like shape. That is where they derive their name from. They have the capacity to bear moderate load and deflection. Owing to the utility they offer, these washers are sometimes referred to as cushion springs.
These washers are equipped with flattened load points. This helps reduce friction against soft and sensitive surfaces.
They have the ability to bear very high loads. You will see only small deflections in this washer even as you put a heavy load on it.
The load and deflection capacity of the belleville washer depends on its thickness and height ratio. Also referred to as conical washers, they are used extensively in thermal expansion applications. They are arranged in a manner that fulfills thermal expansion and contraction requirements.
Mostly made of carbon steel, finger washers have a split construction and protruding flanges. There are three flanges in these types of washers. They have distributed load points just like a wave washer.
The main purpose of using these washers is to lower the damping, noise and vibration caused by the surfaces as they move. Extra wearing of the revolving parts is also reduced with the use of this type of spring washer.
If you need a washer for fairly lighter loads then crescent ones are best suited. They have a flat surface with a slight curve to maintain flexibility. They also have the ability to absorb movement.
You will see a wide deflection range and a uniform spring rate through the washer’s deflection. These washers have linear load-deflection. They work well in flexible, load-cycling applications.
The quality of the spring washer can affect the functioning of your machines. Many manufacturers offer washers at a low price and buyers are often tempted to purchase them. After all, the price of the product plays a major deciding factor while purchasing a product.
But before you go ahead and select such a washer, check its label to know about the material it is made of, whether it has passed essential tests and more.
This will help assess its quality. A good quality spring washer may be costlier but the amount spent is worth it. It will facilitate smooth functioning of the machinery.
Those offered by reputed steel washer manufacturers are durable and require low maintenance thereby bringing down the overall expenses. Most importantly they do not cause failure or breakdown of machineries that can result in delayed production or even accidents.
Another important thing to watch out for while buying a spring steel washer is its utility. You must understand your exact requirement and choose the washer or washers accordingly.
The information shared above should help you in this regard. Besides, an experienced manufacturer can guide you during the process. You can learn about the uses, pros and cons about various washers from the manufacturer to pick the right pieces. Don’t forget to choose appropriate sizes to ensure they fit well.
In a nutshell, spring washers come in a variety of sizes, shapes and materials. Dome washer, finger washer, belleville washer, wave washer, single wave washer and crescent washer are among the common types of spring washers used in various businesses..
While some of these have the capacity to bear heavy load others work well with moderate to light loads. It is important to understand your usage and match it with the features of the available washers to pick the most appropriate ones. It is a good idea to consult the manufacturer to understand the utility of different washers.
This will help identify the ones that match your requirement perfectly. Lastly, make sure the spring washers you choose boast of high quality. This is imperative for seamless operation. It will also shun the need for frequent replacements.
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